- 2002. Studenten:
Dick • Kireev • von Grothe • Wirth
- Projekt im Hauptstudium
- Prof. Günter Zamp Kelp
- Öffentliche Gebäude
Grand Egyptean Museum
”How can one building span the area between heaven and earth, the space described in the cosmology of our Pharaonic ancestors?”
The project of the Grand Egyptian Museum forces to rethink both the exhibition concepts prevalent in archaeological museums until today as well as their architectural settings.
Landscape - Firstly, the GEM is located within a landscape that relates in various ways to the artifacts and the cultural heritage represented. The site is proximate to the excavation fields, resembling them in its topographical setting.
Secondly, it represents the transition zone between the valley of the Nile and the desert, a focal point from which the whole cultural development of ancient Egypt can be understood.
Architecture - Egyptian archaeology is globally connected to research and museological institutions, which will interact and communicate within the material and virtual spaces the GEM creates.
Over-all concept - The building of the GEM is composed out of three distinct, interacting architectural components:
- the Archaeological Valley
- the Sky-Building
- the Panoramic Passage
1. Archaeological Valley - The landscape of the site is transformed by accentuating its natural topography with an artificial valley spanning from the North - East entrance area towards the South - East. This meandering valley contains the permanent exhibition and services above the ground and the temporary exhibition and archives as well as part of the conservation below the ground. The valley relates the objects and material artifacts to the land and natural setting they were composed from and after. The valley is the level of perception.
2. Sky-Building - Four successive buildings span over the valley in order to shield and cover the interior and exterior exhibitions and parks. They render a diffuse light and pleasing climate to the spaces below. Furthermore, they contain the other part of the museum’s program, the convention center, the library, study area and part of the conservation. The Sky-Building relates the scientific research and education areas to the sky. The Sky-Building is the level of reflection.
3. Panoramic Passage - In-between the Sky-Building and the Valley there is a direct connection between the beginning and the end of the meandering exhibition. This passage connects interior and exterior spaces as well as the different programs within the GEM.
Most of all, it allows for the tourists that do not want or do not have the time to visit the whole exhibition on different routes below, to overlook and reach the main attractions as fast and comfortable as possible. Finally, the breath-taking view on the pyramids at the end of the exhibition. The Panoramic Passage is the level of orientation.
Exhibition layout - The permanent exhibition is organized in five parallel thematic routes, which collectively form the shape of the valley as they develop in time. The whole exhibition area can be extended in length as well as in width, using more space on the terraces and towards the exterior exhibition spaces.
GEM - The Great Egyptian Museum is a new prototype for a museum, which highly interconnects local and historical data with global and future research. Nonetheless, it makes a statement about the absolute necessity of the experience of the museum‘s material space in Gizeh and its specific identity.