- 1999. Studenten:
Lara Dzialdow • Dang Hai Nguyen
- Projekt im Hauptstudium
- Prof. Günter Zamp Kelp
a new center for hong kong
through the analysis and research we saw our task from a whole new perspective. we realized that one would never have "enough space" in Victoria bay. because through new reclamation projects and a better infrastructure the site would become more interesting for new companies and new needs for housing, offices etc., would be generated.
one major decision has to be taken: or there is a way to live with that lack of space in Victoria bay, especially now that the political situation has changed and opened the border towards china so that some functions could move from Victoria to the surroundings – or one has to face the fact that sooner or later (probably sooner) kowloon and victoria will grow into one and the sea will vanish from the atlases.
we did not face the second possibility because it was clear to us that the water is the most precious good we have not only as the source of all living but especially important on this site. the sea on this site is the balance of motions for the mountain and the high-rise architecture. every contemplator realizes that the beauty of the skyline is only perceptible from a distance.
but there is also another effect: the water seems to be the calm compensation for the hectic of the city, it forces the people to move in a slower pace. we thought of the new draft as a transition zone of these two different tempos.
therefore we wanted to emphasize the quality of life on the waterfront.
we decided to come to a statement against the common practice of continuous reclamation projects without rejecting the task itself. there was still the need of working a way to the waterfront because it seemed that the existing situation ignored it. the problem was to find a draft that would make it almost impossible to connect with new reclamation projects and that would bring the water to the city. furthermore the new island had to be well connected to victoria so that it would be frequented by the people.
we wanted to make the waterfront more attractive and take advantage of the flowing water for recreational and leisure activities. even in summer the heat is more bearable on the waterfront than in the city, because there is always a slight breeze – though we thought of providing climatized areas and parks because people are used to it.
geography and topography
Hong Kong Island is marked by the ridge and the sea and the narrow space between these two that allows settlement and buildings. these geographical facts explain the density of the city and the high-rise buildings. through the decades reclamation projects have been the practice. while once upon a time Queen´s Road was on the bank it has now moved more towards the city centre due to reclamation projects. by now the sea between Hongkong and Kowloon has almost turned into a river of 1 km width.
the infrastructure of Hong Kong has to work on different levels because of the general lack of space. where pedestrians could no more cross the different levels of traffic they are guided through the city on walkways that lead through buildings where they develop into shoping malls (4th floor). there is a network of public transportation systems of which the buses, the MtR and the Star Ferry are the most important.
Hong Kong once was known for its textile industries as well as electronics and watches. nowadays the level of industrialization is declining and productions are moving to China because of the lower wage costs while Hong Kong turned into one of the leading banking centres worldwide with close connections to China and Great britain. the companies benefit from the low wage costs, high unemployment rates, lack of social insurance and low tax rates.
concept and design
connection and infrastructure
we wanted to connect the island to the waterfront to make the access convenient for pedestrians. through the analysis we found several areas with an important pedestrian flow that we connected to the island via covered walkways.
the outer esplanade has piers for boat taxis to connect the island to the surroundings. we added two subway stations one is the extension of the Airport Railway, the other one is an "inserted stop" on the MtR line between Admiralty and Kowloon. the mall underground can be accessed directly from the waterfront or the parking garage and leads to the covered marketplace.
to preserve the quality of the water we decided to only reclaim parts of the island and thus allow the natural waterflow in the Victoria bay. It is important to us because we also thought about a floating market around the covered marketplace. furthermore we thought about a boat rental facility.
›› Dept of Architecture Hong Kong University (expired path ../courses/design4)
›› SOArchitecture PrincetonU New Jersey
›› Wydziat Architectury Politechniki Warszawskiej Warszaw
Hong Kong is an expanding city requiring space. the mountain ridge in the backyard of the skyline hinders the city´s expansion. this natural barrier stands in contrast to the increasing/growing need of space for housing and offices. our design project bases on this fact.
at the waterfront, between Starferry and the new congress centre, land will be reclaimed. a new town centre will be developed there, that refers to the city's new role as part of the People´s Republic of China. therefore mainly administrative and cultural facilities will be placed in this area.
although Hong Kong is situated at the water, the urban situation does not refer to these circumstances. therefore one of the project`s issues is to incorporate tht quality of the waterline into the urban living.
the relation of functional density and quality of urban space expresses the main issue for this new district.
another point is to integrate other facilities besides the administrative and cultural buildings to increase the attractiveness of the area.
continuous exchange and discussion between the participants in Hong Kong, Warszaw and Berlin will take place via internet.